LOT Winter School 2019

Cognitive linguistics beyond the individual: The shared workspace framework

Simon Garrod


Title of the course: Cognitive linguistics beyond the individual: The shared workspace framework.

Teacher: Simon Garrod

Email address: simon.garrod@glasgow.ac.uk

website teacher: https://www.gla.ac.uk/researchinstitutes/neuroscie...

Course info
Level: Intermediate

Course description:

Cooperative Joint activities, such as engaging in dialogue, present a challenge for monadic Cognitive Science (and Cognitive Linguistics), because they involve more than one individual at the same time. This course will outline the non-monadic Shared Workspace framework for interpreting joint activities and show how it applies to language processing in dialogue.The framework captures fundamental distributed properties of joint activities such as alignment of cognitive representations and synchronization of actions across partners.I will argue that prediction-by-simulation is central to the success of joint activities such as dialogue and that it is critically dependent on alignment and synchronization between interlocutors.

Day-to-day program

Monday: The challenge of dialogue and other joint activities for monadic cognitive science. Developing the Shared Workspace model for cooperative joint activities and considering non-monadic features: alignment, synchrony and joint prediction.

Tuesday: Applying the Shared Workspace model to dialogue. The nature and content of a communicative shared workspace.

Wednesday: The nature of alignment in dialogue. The distinction between alignment of linguistic representations and dialogue models, and the dual nature of dialogue models (i.e., models of the situation under discussion and the dialogue games). The relationship between Focal and Global alignment of linguistic representations and dialogue models.

Thursday: Using the shared workspace to achieve efficient alignment: Saying just enough and speaking in good time. The importance of commentary for succinctness and the role of synchrony for speaking in good time.

Friday: Implications of the Shared Workspace model for dialogue beyond the dyad and various communication technologies. And finally the shared workspace framework in relation to monologue.

Reading list

Background and preparatory readings:

Pickering, M.J., & Garrod, S. (2004). Toward a mechanistic psychology of dialogue. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 27, 169-225.

Garrod, S. & Pickering, M.J.(2009) Joint action, interactive alignment and dialogue. Topics in Cognitive Science, 1 (2009) 292–304.

Pickering, M.J. & Garrod, S. (2013) An integrated theory of language production and comprehension. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 36, 329-392.

Course readings:

These will be based on a forthcoming book “Understanding dialogue: Language use and social interaction” by Martin J. Pickering and Simon Garrod, CUP. To be made available as pre-published manuscript.

Lecture 1: Chapters 2 & 3 : The challenge of dialogue, and A system analysis of joint activity.

Lecture 2: Chapters 4 & 5 : Dialogue as a joint activity, and Producing, controlling and understanding dialogue.

Lecture 3: Chapters 6 & 7 : Interactive alignment and linguistic representations, and Alignment of dialogue models.

Lecture 4: Chapters 8 & 9 : Saying just enough and Speaking in good time.

Lecture 5: Chapter 10 & 11 :